Once our builders had broken ground on our new home, we were ready for the official first stage of construction - building a sturdy foundation. Since every element of our new home will ultimately rest upon it, building a solid foundation really is one of the most important steps in this whole home building process.
Although a number of materials can be used in the making of a foundation, the most common (and what is being used in our home) is reinforced concrete. A typical foundation will almost always be poured in three steps. Firstly the foundation will need to be excavated to the desired depth. The depth will depend on the type of foundation, but since we are doing a full basement, it was necessary for our excavation to be between 8 - 10 feet.
Once the site has been excavated, the footings are poured. Broadly, this involves the builder erecting wooden frames, installing steel reinforcing bars between the wooden frames and filling the frames with concrete. Once the concrete has dried, the wooden frames are removed. Once the walls are poured and the frames removed, the outside of the foundation walls get backfilled.
Finally, the concrete floor is poured. The floor is smooth level. Unfortunately I never got a picture of this, but that big sandlot in between the walls was filled with concrete and made to look all pretty.
It is also at the pouring of the foundation stage, that the plumbing for our home was also installed. Although all stages of the home building process come with there own level of excitement, it was only when the forms and the foundation were poured on our homesite, that our new home really started to be come a reality. We were now able to see the footprint of where our home would ultimately stand.
Once all of the necessary approvals and inspections were complete, we were ready to move to the next stage of the home building process, the framing.